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林肯总统感恩节宣言  

2016-11-25 15:22:08|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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林肯的感恩节宣言(中英文对照)

1863年的美国,仍处于南北内战时期,经历着重大的战争伤亡创痛,包括当年七月初在葛底斯堡 (Gettysburg) 发生的浴血战。1863年11月19日,亚伯拉罕 · 林肯总统发表的历史上著名的葛底斯堡演说,流传至今。据说在同年的10月3日林肯还发表了一篇非常有意义的感恩节宣言。

其时,在国务卿苏瓦德 (William Seward) 协助他写成的10月3日咨文中,林肯总统宣布美国人将以11月第四个星期四作为感恩节假日。从此,林肯亦被称为“感恩节之父”。

以下是林肯感恩节宣言的全文。


在这一年的尾声来临之际,我们享有着丰收的土地与美好气候。对这些天天享受的慷慨赐予,我们很容易忘记其源自何处,而这是全能上帝的供应。上帝的巨大力量,即使是刚硬的心都会被穿透软化。

眼下,极为严重与艰苦的内战已引起了其他一些国家的挑衅,然而在这期间,国家之间的和平得到了维护、秩序得到了维持、法律得到重视和遵守。除了这些军事冲突的地区外,其他地区仍是和睦的。还有陆军与海军的努力,也正在使战区大大地缩小。

尽管我们有许多财物与力量来自和平地区,提供给战争之需,却并未抑制农业发展和我们地域的开拓。铁和煤矿与贵重金属的矿物产量,反而比以往更多。尽管在战场有人员损失,国家人口仍在稳定增长,人民为国家的实力与活力的提高而欣喜,期待未来将有更大的自由。

人类的忠告或凡人之手,均无法创造如此伟大的成就。这是至高造物主恩慈的礼物——即使为我们的犯罪而发怒时仍显出怜悯。

对我而言,这些应该被全体美国人民一心一意、庄严、恭敬、感激地献上感恩。我因此邀请全美各地、海上以及居留外国的同胞们,将下个月即 11 月最后一个星期四,作为感恩的一天,向我们在天上的父祈祷和感恩。我也建议美国人民,在对上帝这样非凡奇妙的赐福而向天父献上感谢祭时,也谦卑地为我们国家的堕落与悖逆悔改。对所有在这场无法避免的悲惨内战中成为寡妇、孤儿、送葬者或受难者的,祈求天父温柔的看顾。强烈地恳求全能的上帝,尽快伸出恩手医治和修复这个国家,使国家符合神的旨意,以致享有完全的和平、融洽、宁静和团结。

Lincoln's 1863 Thanksgiving Proclamation


The year that is drawing towards its close, has been filled with the blessings of fruitful fields and healthful skies. To these bounties, which are so constantly enjoyed that we are prone to forget the source from which they come, others have been added, which are of so extraordinary a nature, that they cannot fail to penetrate and soften even the heart which is habitually insensible to the ever watchful providence of Almighty God.

In the midst of a civil war of unequalled magnitude and severity, which has sometimes seemed to foreign States to invite and to provoke their aggression, peace has been preserved with all nations, order has been maintained, the laws have been respected and obeyed, and harmony has prevailed everywhere except in the theatre of military conflict; while that theatre has been greatly contracted by the advancing armies and navies of the Union. Needful diversions of wealth and of strength from the fields of peaceful industry to the national defense, have not arrested the plough, the shuttle, or the ship; the axe had enlarged the borders of our settlements, and the mines, as well of iron and coal as of the precious metals, have yielded even more abundantly than heretofore.

Population has steadily increased, notwithstanding the waste that has been made in the camp, the siege and the battle-field; and the country, rejoicing in the consciousness of augmented strength and vigor, is permitted to expect continuance of years with large increase of freedom.

No human counsel hath devised nor hath any mortal hand worked out these great things. They are the gracious gifts of the Most High God, who, while dealing with us in anger for our sins, hath nevertheless remembered mercy. It has seemed to me fit and proper that they should be solemnly, reverently and gratefully acknowledged as with one heart and voice by the whole American People. I do therefore invite my fellow citizens in every part of the United States, and also those who are at sea and those who are sojourning in foreign lands, to set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens. And I recommend to them that while offering up the ascriptions justly due to Him for such singular deliverances and blessings, they do also, with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience, commend to his tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife in which we are unavoidably engaged, and fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty Hand to heal the wounds of the nation and to restore it as soon as may be consistent with the Divine purposes to the full enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquility and Union.



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